Segregation Of People In Cities
People like land-use become sorted within urban areas. They are segregated into groups on the basis of their social class type or occupation and ethnicity. They prefer to live close to those with the same status. The wealthy are able to buy smart and homes in the best locations. The poorest people have no option but to live in cramped or substandard housing in the worst areas. They are unable to buy these houses and therefore have to rent. Their houses are small and therefore there is high density.
Residential areas are categorised as follows:
- High-class residential areas – in the north of the CBD these areas started in colonial times consequently it has infrastructure – water, sewage and electricity. The social patterns are the opposite to built up poor inner cities.
- Middle-class residential areas – constructed around the high-class started as low-class housing but now has basic amenities.
- Low-class residential areas – to the south-east at slight risk of flooding these edge on informal settlements.
Case Study: Zomba, Malawi (LIC)
In Central Africa, Zomba the city Nyasaland that was once the British colonial capital for 75 years now called Malawi – contains only 100000 people. In 1964 Nyasaland became independent and became Malawi, then in 1974 Zomba was replace by Lilongwe as the capital city.
Zomba was residence to the Governor, army barracks and the social, popular gymkhana club which had a polo field and a park.
The CBD is now cut into the south of the park because of all the main roads meeting here. Malawi now contains verandah shops and markets from the colonial period. The factories in Zomba are mainly along the roads, by the airports near the CBD, everything else is Residential. Overall, the pattern of land use is not dissimilar to HIC cities.
The rate of urbanisation in LIC’s is fast and accelerating. Most people migrate to LIC cities because of the unemployment in poor rural areas and leave in search of work. Although there are no houses for them or if there are they are to expensive. Because of this DIY homes are built from whatever and wherever (e.g. a shack on a slope) these badly structured building in such land is surreally unsafe, this land is all at risk of flooding and landslides and has heavy polluting. This land has no economic value yet these migrators don’t own or have permission to build on. These are informal settlements/shanty town/squatter camp/favelas.